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Stock photo. Brand new: lowest price The lowest-priced brand-new, unused, unopened, undamaged item in its original packaging where packaging is applicable. He has published widely on Swiss foreign policy.
Magdalena Bernath is scientific collaborator for the Swiss Political Yearbook Annee politique suisse specialising on elections, parties, financial and spatial planning policy. See details.
Buy It Now. Add to cart. Be the first to write a review About this product. About this product Product Information The book provides in-depth insights into the procedures and constraints of Swiss foreign policy, answering questions such as: Why is Switzerland not a member of the European Union? What are the implications of staying apart and how important is neutrality in today's Europe? What are the implications of federalism and direct democracy on foreign policy?
How should conflicting interests in foreign policy decision-making be dealt with? The book is essential reading to all those interested in foreign policy analysis, the relationship between democracy and international relations, the significance of being a small state in contemporary Europe and the specificities of the Swiss political system. Additional Product Features Dewey Edition. Foreign Policy and Foreign Policy Analysis 2.
Institutional Bases 4. Policy Toward Europe 6. On 31 May the world's longest and deepest railway tunnel and the first flat, low-level route through the Alps, the It started its daily business for passenger transport on 11 December replacing the old, mountainous, scenic route over and through the St Gotthard Massif. Switzerland has a publicly managed road network without road tolls that is financed by highway permits as well as vehicle and gasoline taxes.
Gallen-Altenrhein Airport and Sion Airport. Swiss International Air Lines is the flag carrier of Switzerland. Switzerland has one of the best environmental records among nations in the developed world;  it was one of the countries to sign the Kyoto Protocol in and ratified it in Switzerland developed an efficient system to recycle most recyclable materials.
Switzerland also has an economic system for garbage disposal, which is based mostly on recycling and energy-producing incinerators due to a strong political will to protect the environment. In almost all Swiss municipalities, stickers or dedicated garbage bags need to be purchased that allow for identification of disposable garbage.
In , Switzerland's population slightly exceeded 8. In common with other developed countries, the Swiss population increased rapidly during the industrial era, quadrupling between and Growth has since stabilised, and like most of Europe, Switzerland faces an ageing population , albeit with consistent annual growth projected into , due mostly to immigration and a fertility rate close to replacement level. As of [update] , resident foreigners make up Immigrants from Sri Lanka , most of them former Tamil refugees, were the largest group among people of Asian origin 6.
Additionally, the figures from show that A third of this population , held Swiss citizenship.
Four fifths of persons with an immigration background were themselves immigrants first generation foreigners and native-born and naturalised Swiss citizens , whereas one fifth were born in Switzerland second generation foreigners and native-born and naturalised Swiss citizens. In the s, domestic and international institutions expressed concern about what was perceived as an increase in xenophobia , particularly in some political campaigns.
In reply to one critical report, the Federal Council noted that "racism unfortunately is present in Switzerland", but stated that the high proportion of foreign citizens in the country, as well as the generally unproblematic integration of foreigners, underlined Switzerland's openness.
Switzerland has four national languages : mainly German spoken by However, federal laws and other official acts do not need to be decreed in Romansh. In , the languages most spoken at home among permanent residents aged 15 and older were Swiss German Other languages spoken at home included English 5.
National Foreign Policy Program. With one exception, all sectors increased their trade activities, with regionally strong growths in transformation markets. In , SECO joined forces with interested federal agencies to draft new provisions that incorporate sustainability aspects into IPAs. Since the ICoCA requires that firms abide by human rights standards, this is equivalent to demanding due diligence. Consultations were organised in Bern, the capital, and in Geneva. In terms of total investment, Switzerland ranked sixth largest foreign direct investor in South Africa in South Africa ranked as twelfth largest foreign investor in Switzerland in , the 3rd largest after Japan outside the EU and USA.
The federal government is obliged to communicate in the official languages, and in the federal parliament simultaneous translation is provided from and into German, French and Italian. Aside from the official forms of their respective languages, the four linguistic regions of Switzerland also have their local dialectal forms.
The role played by dialects in each linguistic region varies dramatically: in the German-speaking regions, Swiss German dialects have become ever more prevalent since the second half of the 20th century, especially in the media, such as radio and television, and are used as an everyday language for many, while the Swiss variety of Standard German is almost always used instead of dialect for written communication c.
The principal official languages German, French, and Italian have terms, not used outside of Switzerland, known as Helvetisms. German Helvetisms are, roughly speaking, a large group of words typical of Swiss Standard German , which do not appear either in Standard German , nor in other German dialects.
These include terms from Switzerland's surrounding language cultures German Billett  from French , from similar terms in another language Italian azione used not only as act but also as discount from German Aktion. The most frequent characteristics of Helvetisms are in vocabulary, phrases, and pronunciation, but certain Helvetisms denote themselves as special in syntax and orthography likewise. Duden , the comprehensive German dictionary, contains about Helvetisms.
Learning one of the other national languages at school is compulsory for all Swiss pupils, so many Swiss are supposed to be at least bilingual , especially those belonging to linguistic minority groups. Swiss residents are universally required to buy health insurance from private insurance companies, which in turn are required to accept every applicant.
While the cost of the system is among the highest, it compares well with other European countries in terms of health outcomes; patients have been reported as being, in general, highly satisfied with it. Between two thirds and three quarters of the population live in urban areas. Since urban development has claimed as much of the Swiss landscape as it did during the previous 2, years.
This urban sprawl does not only affect the plateau but also the Jura and the Alpine foothills  and there are growing concerns about land use. Switzerland has a dense network of towns, where large, medium and small towns are complementary. These churches, and in some cantons also the Old Catholic Church and Jewish congregations, are financed by official taxation of adherents. As of the census other Christian minority communities included Neo- Pietism 0. Non-Christian religions are Hinduism 0. The country was historically about evenly balanced between Catholic and Protestant, with a complex patchwork of majorities over most of the country.
Switzerland played an exceptional role during the Reformation as it became home to many reformers. Geneva converted to Protestantism in , just before John Calvin arrived there. In , he founded the Republic of Geneva on his own ideals. Anabaptists Felix Manz and Conrad Grebel also operated there.
Gallen Joachim Vadian. One canton, Appenzell, was officially divided into Catholic and Protestant sections in The Swiss Constitution of , under the recent impression of the clashes of Catholic vs. Protestant cantons that culminated in the Sonderbundskrieg , consciously defines a consociational state , allowing the peaceful co-existence of Catholics and Protestants. A initiative calling for the complete separation of church and state was rejected by Three of Europe's major languages are official in Switzerland. Swiss culture is characterised by diversity, which is reflected in a wide range of traditional customs.
Switzerland is home to many notable contributors to literature, art, architecture, music and sciences. In addition the country attracted a number of creative persons during time of unrest or war in Europe. Alpine symbolism has played an essential role in shaping the history of the country and the Swiss national identity. Other areas throughout the year have a recreational culture that caters to tourism, yet the quieter seasons are spring and autumn when there are fewer visitors. A traditional farmer and herder culture also predominates in many areas and small farms are omnipresent outside the towns.
Folk art is kept alive in organisations all over the country. In Switzerland it is mostly expressed in music, dance, poetry, wood carving and embroidery. The alphorn , a trumpet-like musical instrument made of wood, has become alongside yodeling and the accordion an epitome of traditional Swiss music. As the Confederation, from its foundation in , was almost exclusively composed of German-speaking regions, the earliest forms of literature are in German. In the 18th century, French became the fashionable language in Bern and elsewhere, while the influence of the French-speaking allies and subject lands was more marked than before.
Probably the most famous Swiss literary creation, Heidi , the story of an orphan girl who lives with her grandfather in the Alps, is one of the most popular children's books ever and has come to be a symbol of Switzerland. Her creator, Johanna Spyri — , wrote a number of other books on similar themes. The freedom of the press and the right to free expression is guaranteed in the federal constitution of Switzerland.
The SNA supplies almost all Swiss media and a couple dozen foreign media services with its news. Switzerland has historically boasted the greatest number of newspaper titles published in proportion to its population and size.